Kunst derzeit. Philosophische Essays. (German Edition)

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Lynn M. She has published on drama pedagogy to teach difficult texts, the comic book humor of Sonnenallee and regional crime fiction. An anthology on German crime fiction, co-edited with Todd Herzog, is forthcoming. She also has presented extensively on the use of graphic texts in the German language classroom. A forthcoming essay examines the graphic novel version of Die Verwandlung and a related curriculum and assessment model that aims to move students from visual literacy to literary proficiency.

She also created and maintains The German Graphic Novel web resource that indexes and reviews contemporary German language graphic texts. Given this traditional divide, the recent proliferation of perhaps traditionally low culture graphic novels that treat conventionally high culture themes such as literature, fine art, and music provides a curious platform for teaching aspects of German culture, and in particular Alltagskultur.

The large and continually growing selection of German graphic novels significantly enriches the resources that German instructors have for teaching cultural competence, and the offerings can considerably enliven discussions of culture in the German classroom. The technique involves regarding images as if they were texts themselves, which includes more intentionally analyzing compositions, layouts, colors, and lines in order to draw conclusions about cultural messages.

Areas of scholarship are German film from Weimar to contemporary German cinema. Fassbinder, Wim Wenders, and Tom Tykwer. Her current book project concerns women and work in contemporary European cinema. His films have garnered international scholarly and public attention. Primarily his work has been approached from a Turkish German perspective that traces questions of identity across his different films. It will address the following questions: what are the challenges and implications of such an approach in the context of transnational film reception? How does his global significance situate German cinema in relationship to transnational film studies?

What are the key categories for auteurist readings: style? Are the analytical categories of auteur and nation mutually exclusive or do they enhance each other?


Rosmarie T. Morewedge teaches German language, literature and cultural studies at Binghamton University. Other scholarly interests are poetry and pedagogy. A pedagogically useful template of images has helped learners in a course focusing on pre-modern civilization to remember the impact of historical figures, events, issues, trends, and developments over time. Spurred on by the historical documentaries produced by ZdF that students have viewed as part of the course, students have tapped into the cultural memory bank of images to link concepts, meaning and interpretation.

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Her background in media, design, and studio arts allows her to also include visual arts performance, installation, painting, film in the scope of her dissertation. She is currently navigating the academic job market. This scene builds a unique bridge and contrast to Dr.

His film of the alimentary system, for example, combines recordings of an irradiated human head and an animal body to demonstrate processes of ingestion, digestion, and excretion.

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However, it also explicitly upholds the notions of human superiority and sanctity while maintaining the presumed baseness of the nonhuman. It first demonstrates how advances in technologies of seeing register in literary works. Subsequently, it explores the contributions studies of such texts can make to the understanding of emerging technologies, their broader cultural implications, politics, and the conflicts they engender or suspend.

Elizabeth Biz Nijdam is a Ph. Her research is interdisciplinary, and Biz has published and presented on a variety of topics including German comics, painting, architecture, literature and film.

Lucy Powell (Berlin) and Oxana Timofeeva (Berlin) »Epistemology of Measurement«

In addition to completing the requirements for her Ph. Even though Maus was translated into German in , no similar historical analysis of the traumatic years between and has been attempted by German authors with any success. More recently, however, East German artists have begun adapting their history into graphic narrative form, with over a dozen graphic novels on East German experience published since According to the Zurich Model, a need for security is inherently related to an aversion of arousal.

Since unfamiliar conspecifics constitute a source of arousal, a need for security will inevitably increase likeliness for xenophobic reactions e. Since dependency upon adult caretakers is very high throughout childhood it is not until early adolescence that the third motivational system—the autonomy system—comes into play.

The autonomy system receives its input from a different source than the other two systems. Among the three subsystems of the Zurich Model, the autonomy system takes an exceptional position.

Wie schreibe ich eine philosophische Hausarbeit?

Its reference variable autonomy claim modulates the set points of the other two subsystems dependency and enterprise in that it inhibits dependency and enhances enterprise: If self-confidence is diminished, autonomy claim will also be reduced. As a consequence, needs for safety and relatedness stand a good chance to prevail over a need for arousal. In the opposite case, whenever autonomy claim is increased due to a high level of self-efficacy, a need for arousal is likely to arise, while needs for safety and relatedness are tuned down.

Interestingly, Bischof assumes that the activity of the autonomy system is inhibited during infancy and that its reference variable autonomy claim peaks during puberty.

Thus, if aesthetic appreciation is related to an urge for autonomy, we would expect a preference for arousing stimuli to be particularly pronounced among adolescents. This detachment from normative constraints also redefines the role of the perceiver, who is now expected to maintain a critical distance instead of readily indulging in beauty and harmony. For conceptual clarity, we identify this variable with self-efficacy see [7] in Figure 3.

Perceived self-efficacy is generally higher in familiar, non-threatening situations than in unfamiliar and potentially threatening ones. How does self-efficacy affect aesthetic preferences? If self-efficacy is positively linked to the reference variable of the autonomy system autonomy claim , which, in turn, defines the set points of the security dependency and the arousal system enterprise , then it should also modulate aesthetic preferences for conventional, clear-cut, and benign stimuli, or original, indeterminate, and ambivalent ones, respectively.

Findings by Muth et al. Art expertise can be interpreted as a task-related component of self-efficacy in that it gives us the feeling that we can account for our aesthetic judgments based on valid criteria.

Duft der Zeit: ein philosophischer Essay zur Kunst des Verweilens

Palmer and Griscom also examined preferences for conventional harmony using four different sets of stimuli color, shape, spatial location, and music. They reported that individual preferences for harmony were highly correlated across these domains. The more art expertise we command, the closer our anchor point will be to the avant-garde pole and vice versa. Wherever our frame of p reference may be located on this dimension, we expect to observe the following dynamics relative to this individual anchor point: Prevalent needs for safety and relatedness will shift the aesthetic comfort zone away from the initial set point into the direction of the kitsch pole, while needs for arousal and autonomy will push it toward the avant-garde pole.

In the following we make a case that these tendencies should be particularly pronounced, whenever the default mechanism of social distance regulation is unavailable to us and we have to deal with anxiety or boredom symbolically. Schmidt, , p.

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How do we accommodate needs for security and arousal when physical distance regulation is ruled out? Often we cannot simply walk away from a source of distress or tedium and when we feel miserable there is no guarantee that friends and relatives are available to comfort us. Should physical distance regulation be blocked by an obstacle, the auxiliary system of the Zurich Model comes into play. The so-called coping system serves as a kind of toolbox for emergency situations. It contains three sets of reactions: aggression, supplication, and invention.

Aggression and supplication are probably the most primordial responses to critical situations. Supplication means that one turns to another person for help. This is the first and one of the most effective coping strategies apart from invention : A baby, for example, has no choice but to send out supplication signals to its care-givers.

In early infancy, it is mainly the primary care-givers who provide a safe and optimally stimulating environment: Either by preventing overstimulation or by engaging in lively face-to-face interaction Dissanayake, As soon as an infant is capable of crawling, however, it starts to self-regulate needs for arousal and security via locomotion and eye-contact with its caregivers.

Finally, with language acquisition toddlers learn that symbols and signs may serve as safety signals. Symbols carrying cultural or idiosyncratic meaning offer new possibilities to deal with trying situations: For example, it is through rituals, talismans, keepsakes, and lucky charms that people bolster their notions of security and achievement. Many objects we find on office desks bespeak these two needs: Family photos convey feelings of affection as they emulate the people dearest to us, while sport trophies and diplomas work as a source of pride and self-confidence by reminding us of past achievements Csikszentmihalyi, ; Norman, ; Csikszentmihalyi and Rochberg-Halton, According to Fischer et al.

This complementary preference pattern in sensitizers and repressors directs our attention to the final component of our model: regulatory focus. A systems theoretical approach to dynamics of aesthetic liking implicates that aesthetic evaluation is somehow goal directed and therefore regulated by feedback-controlled processes.